Create new input tables

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Input tables are currently supported by Snowflake and Databricks connections only.

Create input tables to integrate new data points into your analysis and augment existing data from Snowflake or Databricks. Manage table structure, enter cell values, and configure advanced options, including data validation, column protection, data entry permission, and row edit history.

This document explains how to create and build empty, CSV, and linked input tables. To understand the purpose and benefits of input tables, see Intro to input tables. For information about editing input table data, see Edit existing input table columns.

System and user requirements

The ability to create new input tables requires the following:

  • You must be granted Can use data permission for a Snowflake or Databricks connection with write access enabled. If using an OAuth-enabled Snowflake connection, see Configure OAuth with write access for additional requirements.

  • You must be assigned an account type with the Create input tables and Create, edit, and publish workbooks permissions enabled.

  • You must be the workbook owner or be granted Can edit workbook permission. Unlike other workbook elements, input tables cannot be created in Explore mode.

For information about permissions required to edit input table data, see Edit existing input table columns.

Create a new input table

Sigma features multiple types of input tables to support a variety of use cases for ad hoc data entry. The following subsections explain how to create the following input table types:

Create an empty input table

Create an empty input table to support data entry independent of existing data.

  1. Open a workbook in Edit mode.

  2. In the navigation menu, click Add element to open the Add new element panel.

  3. In the Input Tables section, select Empty.

  4. Select the connection and write destination for the input table data:

    1. In the Select a connection dropdown, select the connection Sigma will use to write the input table data to your data platform. Sigma only allows the selection of connections with write access enabled.

    2. In the Destination dropdown, select a writeback schema.

    3. Click Create.

    If you only have permission to write to one connection or one writeback schema within the selected connection, Sigma automatically applies that option and doesn’t require you to make a selection.

  5. Sigma adds an empty, single-column input table to the workbook. See Customize input table structure in this document to continue building your input table.

Create a CSV input table (Beta)

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This is a public beta feature that’s subject to quick, iterative changes. As a result, the latest product version may differ from the contents of this document.

Create a CSV input table to support data entry with pre-populate editable data from a CSV upload.

  1. Open a workbook in Edit mode.

  2. In the navigation menu, click Add element to open the Add new element panel.

  3. In the Input Tables section, select CSV.

  4. In the Upload CSV page, drag and drop a CSV file into the specified area, or click Browse and select it in the file dialog.

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    The CSV file cannot exceed 200 MB in size and must use UTF-8 encoding.

  5. Review the parsed data and warnings, if applicable, then update the parsing options and column types as needed.

  6. Click Save to apply the CSV data to the input table.

  7. Sigma adds the pre-populated CSV input table to the workbook. See Customize input table structure in this document to continue building your input table.

Create a linked input table

Create a linked input table to support data entry alongside existing data from other elements in the same workbook.

  1. Open a workbook in Edit mode.

  2. In the navigation menu, click Add element to open the Add New panel.

  3. In the Input tables section, select Linked.

  4. In the Select source modal, select an element in the workbook to use as the input table’s data source.

  5. In the Create linked input table modal, select source columns to link in the input table:

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    Linked columns, including the primary key, aren’t editable at the cell level in the input table. Values are inherited from the source element and continually reflect live data as that element updates.

    1. Select at least one column to populate row identifiers in the primary key column.

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      Row identifiers in the input table’s primary key column are based on unique values in the selected source column. To ensure consistent and reliable row identifiers, choose a source column containing unchanging values (like static IDs, product names, or regions). Dynamic values in the primary key column can lead to the loss of row data when a row identifier changes.

    2. Select additional columns to populate other source data in the input table.

    3. Click Create input table.

  6. Sigma adds the linked input table to the workbook. By default, only the selected source columns are included, but you can add data entry columns as needed. See Customize input table structure in this document to continue building your input table.

Customize input table structure

Sigma enables you to customize the structure of an input table to optimize your analysis and reporting. The following subsections explain how to complete the following tasks:

Insert rows

Insert new rows into empty or CSV input tables to create new data records for your analysis. Linked input tables don’t support the manual addition of rows since row count and granularity are defined by the primary key column.

  • To insert a new row, right-click anywhere in an existing row, then select Insert 1 row above or Insert 1 row below.

  • To insert multiple new rows, multi-select consecutive rows, right-click the selection, then select Insert [#] rows above or Insert [#] rows below.

  • To add a row to the bottom of the input table, click the last row containing a plus (+) in the header column.

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You cannot insert rows when column protection is applied to one or more columns in the input table.

Add columns

Add columns to any type of input table to add data dimensions, calculations, and measures to your analysis.

  1. Click the caret () in any column header (or the caret associated with any column name in the Columns panel).

  2. In the column menu, hover over Add new column, then select a column type (Text, Number, Date, Checkbox, or Calculation). Sigma adds an empty column following the column referenced in the previous step.

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You can also add columns via lookup or add AI-generated columns that classify data, perform sentiment analysis, or fill column values based on existing and provided context.

Move columns

Move columns to reorganize the input table.

  • To move a single column, click and hold the column header (or the column name in the Columns panel), then drag and drop the column to the preferred position.

  • To move multiple columns, select multiple column names in the Columns panel, then drag and drop the selection to the preferred position.

  • To move one or more columns to the beginning or end of the table, select the columns directly in the table (or in the Columns panel). Right-click the selection to open the column menu, then hover over Move to and select Start or End.

Rename columns

Rename columns to reflect the context of the column data.

  1. Click the caret () in any column header (or the caret associated with any column name in the Columns panel).

  2. In the column menu, select Rename column to enable in-place editing.

  3. Edit the column name, then press the Enter key.

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You can also double-click the column header or name to enable in-place editing.

Change column types

Change column types (text, number, date, or checkbox) to optimize storage, query performance, and your overall analysis.

  1. Click the caret () in a column header (or the caret associated with any column name in the Columns panel).

  2. In the column menu, hover over Change column type, then select Text, Number, Date, or Checkbox. If the column contains data, Sigma automatically removes values that don’t correspond with the selected data type.

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You cannot change the data type if data validation or column protection is applied to the specific column.

Enter table data

Enter cell-level data in input tables through keyboard entry, copy/paste, checkbox toggle, or dropdown selection. You can also define cell values in calculation columns using custom formulas.

For information about the ongoing data entry workflow in a workbook draft versus a published version, see Edit existing input table columns.

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Input table cells only accept values that align with the column’s data type. If you enter an invalid value, the cell clears the data.

  • To enter data through keyboard entry, select a cell and enter a value.

  • To paste copied values, select a cell or range of cells, then right-click the selection and select Paste.

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    You can select and paste values in up to 12,500 cells at once (500 rows and 25 columns), including column headers. When you copy multiple rows of data and select a column header or a range of cells that include a header, the first row of the copied data is pasted in the header.

  • To change a cell value in a checkbox column, click the checkbox to toggle between true (selected) and false (cleared). You can also press the Delete key to remove the checkbox and generate a null value.

  • To select a predefined dropdown value in a column containing data validation, click the caret () in a cell (or double-click the cell), then select an option.

  • To define values in a calculation column, click the column header or any cell in the column, then enter an expression in the formula bar.